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AIDS, originally referred to as "gay cancer", "gay plague" or GRID (gay related immune deficiency) was first documented in 1981, when The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported an abnormally large number of reports of a rare form of cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma and Pneumocystis, in homosexual males. Less than a year later, the list of groups "at risk" of developing AIDS had grown to include intravenous drug users, recent Haitian immigrants and hemophiliacs regardless of sexual persuasion. The virus that causes AIDS, human immunodeficiency virus, was first discovered by French scientists in 1983. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.










AIDS is caused by infection with a virus called human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This virus is passed from one person to another through blood-to-blood and sexual contact. In addition, infected pregnant women can pass HIV to their babies during pregnancy or delivery, as well as through breast feeding. People with HIV have what is called HIV infection. Some of these people will develop AIDS as a result of their HIV infection